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NASA GISS 200
2 Short Answers to Hard Questions About Climate Change
accessdate=29 November 2015
date=28 November 2015
work=[[The New York Times]]
last=Gillis
first=Justin
303 NY Times login
1 ''{before=16 January 2015: |after=, in: Research News. NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, NY, USA. Retrieved 20 February 2015 | '' NASA GISS: NASA GISS: NASA, NOAA Find 2014 Warmest Year in Modern Record 200
5 Earth is a wilder, warmer place since last climate deal made
accessdate=29 November 2015
date=29 November 2015
last=Borenstein
first=Seth
200
3 IPCC WGI AR5
quote=Evidence for a warming world comes from multiple independent climate indicators, from high up in the atmosphere to the depths of the oceans. They include changes in surface, atmospheric and oceanic temperatures; glaciers; snow cover; sea ice; sea level and atmospheric water vapour. Scientists from all over the world have independently verified this evidence many times.
year=2013
author=Hartmann, D. L.; Klein Tank, A. M. G.; Rusticucci, M.
200
6 IPCC WGI AR5
quote=Ocean warming dominates the global energy change inventory. Warming of the ocean accounts for about 93% of the increase in the Earth's energy inventory between 1971 and 2010 (high confidence), with warming of the upper (0 to 700 m) ocean accounting for about 64% of the total. Melting ice (including Arctic sea ice, ice sheets and glaciers) and warming of the continents and atmosphere account for the remainder of the change in energy.
year=2013
200
9 CLIMATE CHANGE 2014: Synthesis Report. Summary for Policymakers
accessdate=7 March 2015
publisher=IPCC
quote=The evidence for human influence on the climate system has grown since the Fourth Assessment Report (AR4). It is extremely likely that more than half of the observed increase in global average surface temperature from 1951 to 2010 was caused by the anthropogenic increase in greenhouse gas concentrations and other anthropogenic forcings together
200
8 CLIMATE CHANGE 2014: Synthesis Report. Summary for Policymakers
accessdate=1 November 2015
publisher=IPCC
quote=The following terms have been used to indicate the assessed likelihood of an outcome or a result: virtually certain 99–100% probability, very likely 90–100%, likely 66–100%, about as likely as not 33–66%, unlikely 0–33%, very unlikely 0–10%, exceptionally unlikely 0–1%. Additional terms (extremely likely: 95–100%, more likely than not >50–100%, more unlikely than likely 0–<50% and extremely unlikely 0–5%) may also be used when appropriate.
200
7 p. 2 200
4 Myth vs Facts....
publisher=EPA (US)
year=2013
302 Changes scheme from http to https
15 Technical Summary 200
16 Joint Science Academies' Statement
accessdate=6 January 2014
200
10 Advancing the Science of Climate Change
publisher=The National Academies Press
year=2010
last=America's Climate Choices: Panel on Advancing the Science of Climate Change; National Research Council
quote=(p1) ... there is a strong, credible body of evidence, based on multiple lines of research, documenting that climate is changing and that these changes are in large part caused by human activities. While much remains to be learned, the core phenomenon, scientific questions, and hypotheses have been examined thoroughly and have stood firm in the face of serious scientific debate and careful evaluation of alternative explanations. * * * (p21-22) Some scientific conclusions or theories have been so thoroughly examined and tested, and supported by so many independent observations and results, that their likelihood of subsequently being found to be wrong is vanishingly small. Such conclusions and theories are then regarded as settled facts. This is the case for the conclusions that the Earth system is warming and that much of this warming is very likely due to human activities.
301 Redirect preserves id number
19 Box TS.6. The main projected impacts for regions
author=Parry, M.L.
200
20 Technical Summary 200
Science academies back Kyoto
accessdate=27 July 2011 }} The 2005 statement added Japan, Russia, and the U.S. The 2007 statement added Mexico and South Africa. The [[Network of African Science Academies]], and the [[Polish Academy of Sciences]] have issued separate statements. Professional scientific societies include [[American Astronomical Society]], [[American Chemical Society]], [[American Geophysical Union]], [[American Institute of Physics]], [[American Meteorological Society]], [[American Physical Society]], [[American Quaternary Association]], [[Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society]], [[Canadian Foundation for Climate and Atmospheric Sciences]], [[Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society]], [[European Academy of Sciences and Arts]], [[European Geosciences Union]], [[European Science Foundation]], [[Geological Society of America]], [[Geological Society of Australia]], [[Geological Society of London]]-Stratigraphy Commission, [[InterAcademy Council]], [[International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics]], [[International Union for Quaternary Research]], [http://www.nagt.org/index.html National Association of Geoscience Teachers], [[United States National Research Council
date=17 May 2001
publisher=BBC News
last=Kirby
first=Alex
301 Redirect preserves id number
20 Section TS.5.3: Regional-Scale Projections 200
22 Global warming means more snowstorms: scientists
date=1 March 2011
200
21 Expansion of the Hadley cell under global warming
volume=34
journal=Geophysical Research Letters
issue=6
year=2007
200
22 Get This: Warming Planet Can Mean More Snow
date=15 February 2010
publisher=NPR
author=Christopher Joyce
200 80.0% signal, 30 words, score: 19
22 Does record snowfall disprove global warming?
accessdate=14 December 2014
date=9 July 2010
200
26 Status of Ratification of the Convention
publisher=UNFCCC
year=2011
author=[[United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change]] (UNFCCC)
200
28 Conference of the Parties&nbsp;– Sixteenth Session: Decision 1/CP.16: The Cancun Agreements: Outcome of the work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (English): Paragraph 4
publisher=UNFCCC
year=2011
author=[[United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change]] (UNFCCC)
200
30 1 August 2016 0
''{publisher=The National Academies Press|quote=The average temperature of the Earth's surface increased by about {{ convert | year=2011 | '' America's Climate Choices 301 Redirect preserves id number
30 Paris climate deal: key points at a glance
accessdate=12 December 2015
date=12 December 2015
author=Vaughan, A.
200
30 Final draft of climate deal formally accepted in Paris
accessdate=12 December 2015
date=12 December 2015
publisher=Cable News Network, Turner Broadcasting System, Inc.
200
32 NASA, NOAA Analyses Reveal Record-Shattering Global Warm Temperatures in 2015
accessdate=21 January 2016
date=20 January 2016
work=[[NASA]]
302 Missing trailing /
23 Historical warnings of future food insecurity with unprecedented seasonal heat
last=Battisti
accessdate=13 April 2012
journal=Science
volume=323
year=2009
issue=5911
first=David
302 Truncates url
33 Chapter 3: Observations: Ocean (final draft accepted by IPCC Working Group I) 200
36 Climate Change 2007: Working Group I: The Physical Science Basis
publisher=IPCC AR4
year=2007
1
35 Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis, IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (WGI AR5)
publisher=IPCC AR5
work=WGI AR5
year=2013
200
34 Summary for Policymakers (finalized version) 200
37 Section 6.6.1.1: What Do Reconstructions Based on Palaeoclimatic Proxies Show? 200
37 Ch. 6, Palaeoclimate 200
37 pp. 466–478 200
38 How do we know the world has warmed? in: 2. Global Climate, in: State of the Climate in 2009
volume=91
journal=Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.
year=2010
issue=7
author=Kennedy, J.J.
301 Truncates url
40 Direct Observations of Recent Climate Change 200
39 ClimateWatch Magazine >> State of the Climate: 2011 Global Sea Level
date=10 July 2012
publisher=NOAA Climate Services Portal
author=Kennedy, C.
301 Changes scheme from http to https and changes domain and changes path
41 B. Current knowledge about observed impacts of climate change on the natural and human environment 200
42 Sec 1.3.5.1 Changes in phenology
author=Rosenzweig, C.
200
43 Chap 3, Observations: Atmospheric Surface and Climate Change 200
43 Executive Summary 200
31 Global Concern about Climate Change, Broad Support for Limiting Emissions: U.S., China Less Worried; Partisan Divides in Key Countries
accessdate=18 June 2016
date=5 November 2015
200 100.0% signal, 25 words, score: 25
43 p. 237 200
27 Article 2
quote=The ultimate objective of this Convention and any related legal instruments that the Conference of the Parties may adopt is to achieve, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Convention, stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. Such a level should be achieved within a time-frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner. Such a level should be achieved within a time-frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner
work=The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
200 76.6% signal, 137 words, score: 80
"Not Found" string found
46 TS.3.1.2 Spatial Distribution of Changes in Temperature, Circulation and Related Variables - AR4 WGI Technical Summary&lt;!-- Bot generated title --&gt; 200
45 On the Origin of the Surface Air Temperature Difference Between the Hemispheres in Earth's Present-Day Climate
last=Feulner
accessdate=25 April 2013
journal=Journal of Climate
volume=26
date=March 2013
first=Georg
302 Cookie test detected. Killing loop
44 Land/sea warming ratio in response to climate change: IPCC AR4 model results and comparison with observations
accessdate=19 September 2007
volume=34
journal=Geophysical Research Letters
issue=2
year=2007
302 Changes sub-domain and redirect to /
47 Section 4.2.3.1: Carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H<sub>2</sub>) 200
47 Chapter 4: Atmospheric Chemistry and Greenhouse Gases 200
47 p. 256 200
51 Do Global Temperature Trends Over the Last Decade Falsify Climate Predictions? [in "State of the Climate in 2008"
last=Knight
accessdate=13 August 2011
work=Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.
volume=90
date=August 2009
issue=8
first=J.
200
53 NOAA temperature record updates and the ‘hiatus’
date=4 June 2015
author=Gavin Schmidt
200
52 Global temperature slowdown&nbsp;– not an end to climate change
accessdate=20 March 2011
publisher=UK Met Office
200
54 Science publishes new NOAA analysis: Data show no recent slowdown in global warming
date=4 June 2015
author=NOAA
200
56 Thoughts on 2014 and ongoing temperature trends
accessdate=4 September 2015
date=22 January 2015
last=Schmidt
first=Gavin
200
55 2015 is warmest year on record, NOAA and NASA say
accessdate=27 March 2016
date=20 January 2016
publisher=CNN
200
57 Climate change: 2015 'shattered' global temperature record by wide margin
date=20 January 2016
publisher=BBC
200
59 Forcings (filed under: Glossary)
date=28 November 2004
publisher=RealClimate
author=Group
200
60 Science Brief 1: The Causes of Global Climate Change
date=September 2006
publisher=Center for Climate and Energy Solutions
author=Pew Center on Global Climate Change / Center for Climate and Energy Solutions
200
48 How Much More Global Warming and Sea Level Rise
last=Meehl
accessdate=11 February 2007
journal=Science
volume=307
date=18 March 2005
issue=5716
first=Gerald A.
200
62 Chapter 9: Understanding and Attributing Climate Change 200
49 The Climate Change Commitment
quote=Even if atmospheric composition were fixed today, global-mean temperature and sea level rise would continue due to oceanic thermal inertia. These constant-composition (CC) commitments and their uncertainties are quantified. Constant-emissions (CE) commitments are also considered. The CC warming commitment could exceed 1C. The CE warming commitment is 2 to 6C by the year 2400." (...) "A breakdown of the natural and anthropogenic components of the CC commitment, together with uncertainties arising from ocean mixing (Kz) uncertainties, is given in table S1. Past natural forcing (inclusion of which is the default case here) has a marked effect. The natural forcing component is surprisingly large, 64% of the total commitment in 2050, reducing to 52% by 2400.
year=2005
author=T. M. L. Wigley
200
62 Section 9.4.1.5: The Influence of Other Anthropogenic and Natural Forcings 200
62 p. 690 200
66 FAQ 1.1
author=Le Treut
200
64 The Carbon Dioxide Greenhouse Effect
publisher=American Institute of Physics
last=Weart
accessdate=21 April 2009
work=The Discovery of Global Warming
year=2008
first=Spencer
302 Changes scheme from http to https
66 p. 97 200
68 Earth's Annual Global Mean Energy Budget
last=Kiehl
accessdate=21 April 2009
journal=Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
volume=78
archivedate=24 June 2008
year=1997
issue=2
first=J.T.
0
69 Water vapour: feedback or forcing?
accessdate=21 April 2009
date=6 April 2005
publisher=[[RealClimate]]
last=Schmidt
first=Gavin
200
67 What is the Natural Greenhouse Effect?
accessdate=1 Jan 2015
last=Blue
first=Jessica
301 Changes sub-domain
70 The Greenhouse Effect & Greenhouse Gases
accessdate=27 December 2009
date=16 May 2007
publisher=[[University Corporation for Atmospheric Research]] Windows to the Universe
last=Russell
first=Randy
301 Changes domain and redirect does not contain ".,?&"
74 Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420,000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica
author=Petit, J. R.
accessdate=27 December 2009
journal=Nature
volume=399
date=3 June 1999
issue=6735
200
77 Summary for Policymakers 200
77 Concentrations of atmospheric greenhouse gases ... 200
https://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/ch7s7-4-5.html 1
77 p. 7 200
58 "Global Analysis- July 2016" ''NOAA '', Retrieved on 24 August 2016. 404
81 CO<sub>2</sub> at highest level for millions of years
accessdate=27 May 2013
date=10 May 2013
work=[[Financial Times]]
author=Pilita Clark
200
11 A Breathing Planet, Off Balance
accessdate=13 November 2015
date=12 November 2015
work=[[NASA]]
200
13 Atmospheric Greenhouse Gas Levels Hit Record, Report Says
accessdate=11 November 2015
date=10 November 2015
work=[[The New York Times]]
last=St. Fleur
first=Nicholas
303 NY Times login
80 Carbon dioxide passes symbolic mark
accessdate=27 May 2013
date=10 May 2013
publisher=[[BBC]]
200
14 UK: In 1st, global temps average could be 1 degree C higher
accessdate=11 November 2015
date=9 November 2015
work=[[AP News]]
last=Ritter
first=Karl
200
83 Chap. 1, Introduction 200
12 Audio (66:01) - NASA News Conference - Carbon & Climate Telecon
accessdate=12 November 2015
date=12 November 2015
work=[[NASA]]
author=Staff
200
83 Section 1.3.1.2: Intensities 200
85 World Development Report 2010: Development and Climate Change
accessdate=6 April 2010
publisher=The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433
year=2010
archivedate=5 March 2010
author=World Bank
0
82 Climate scientists discuss future of their field
date=7 July 2015
200
73 Stable Carbon Cycle–Climate Relationship During the Late Pleistocene
author=Siegenthaler, Urs
accessdate=25 August 2010
journal=Science
volume=310
date=November 2005
issue=5752
301 Changes sub-domain and redirect preserves id number
86 pp. 92–93 200
88 Chapter 3: Issues related to mitigation in the long-term context 200
88 Section 3.1: Emissions scenarios: Issues related to mitigation in the long term context 200
89 Chapter 2: Greenhouse Gas Emission Mitigation Scenarios and Implications 200
89 Section 2.5.1.4: Emissions and Other Results of the SRES Scenarios 200
90 Ch. 1: Introduction 200
90 Figure 1.7 200
91 Summary for Policymakers 200
91 Introduction, paragraph 6 200
92 Chapter 3: The Carbon Cycle and Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide 200
92 Executive Summary 200
96 Climate Change 2007: Working Group I: The Physical Science Basis
year=2007
200
94 Americans Fail the Climate Quiz
accessdate=27 December 2011
publisher=NPR
author=Talk of the Nation
200 100.0% signal, 1664 words, score: 1664
102 Aerosols, their Direct and Indirect Effects 200
63 On the Absorption and Radiation of Heat by Gases and Vapours, and on the Physical Connection of Radiation, Absorption, and Conduction
last=Tyndall
accessdate=8 May 2013
journal=Philosophical Magazine
volume=22
year=1861
first=John
200
71 Recent Climate Change: Atmosphere Changes
accessdate=21 April 2009
publisher=United States Environmental Protection Agency
work=Climate Change Science Program
year=2007
author=EPA
301 Changes scheme from http to https and changes path
106 Summary for Policymakers 200
107 Volume 3: Attribution of Observed Climate Change
accessdate=June 23, 2011
publisher=US Environmental Protection Agency
year=2009
archivedate=June 16, 2011
author=US Environmental Protection Agency
0
106 Human and Natural Drivers of Climate Change 200
109 Chapter 9: Understanding and Attributing Climate Change 200
110 Notes for slide number 7, titled "Satellite evidence also suggests greenhouse gas warming," in presentation, "Human contributions to global climate change"
accessdate=23 June 2011
date=November 2009
archivedate=3 July 2011
publisher=Presentation library on the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Climate Services website
0
109 Frequently Asked Question 9.2: Can the Warming of the 20th century be Explained by Natural Variability? 200
105 Part III: Global and Future Implications
publisher=United Nations Environment Programme
work=Atmospheric Brown Clouds: Regional Assessment Report with Focus on Asia
year=2008
author=Ramanathan, V.
403
111 Chapter 9: Understanding and Attributing Climate Change 200
http://pubs.giss.nasa.gov/docs/2002/2002_Hansen_1.pdf 404
111 Frequently Asked Question 9.2: Can the Warming of the 20th century be Explained by Natural Variability? 200
104 Report Summary
publisher=United Nations Environment Programme
work=Atmospheric Brown Clouds: Regional Assessment Report with Focus on Asia
year=2008
author=Ramanathan, V.
403
122 The Carbon Cycle: Feature Articles: Effects of Changing the Carbon Cycle
date=16 June 2011
publisher=Earth Observatory, part of the EOS Project Science Office located at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
author=Riebeek, H.
200
124 Earth's Energy Budget (p.4), in: Climate and Earth's Energy Budget: Feature Articles
date=14 January 2009
publisher=Earth Observatory, part of the EOS Project Science Office, located at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
author=Lindsey, R.
200
123 Understanding Climate Change Feedbacks
publisher=National Academies Press
year=2003
author=US National Research Council
301 Redirect preserves id number
116 Arctic Warming Overtakes 2,000 Years of Natural Cooling
accessdate=8 June 2011
date=3 September 2009
publisher=UCAR
301 Soft 404
103 Atmospheric brown clouds: Impacts on South Asian climate and hydrological cycle
volume=102
journal=Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
issue=15
year=2005
200
125 Surface Temperature Reconstructions for the Last 2,000 Years
publisher=National Academies Press
year=2006
author=US National Research Council
301 Changes sub-domain and redirect preserves id number
130 Glossary A-D 200
126 2012 American Meteorological Society (AMS) Information Statement on Climate Change
date=20 August 2012
publisher=AMS
author=AMS Council
200 100.0% signal, 7 words, score: 7
127 Sec 10.5.4.6 Synthesis of Projected Global Temperature at Year 2100
author=Meehl, G.A.
200
128 Patterns of greenhouse warming
publisher=The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL)
author=NOAA
work=GFDL Climate Modeling Research Highlights
volume=1
date=January 2007
issue=6
503 SERVER: No server is available to handle this request.
133 One World: The Health & Survival of the Human Species in the 21st century
accessdate=18 August 2007
publisher=Health Press (New Mexico)
year=2000
last=Hansen
first=James
0
NOAA GFDL Climate Research Highlights Image Gallery: Patterns of Greenhouse Warming
date=9 October 2012
publisher=NOAA GFDL
author=NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL)
503 SERVER: No server is available to handle this request.
121 Vital signs of the planet: global climate change and global warming: uncertainties
date=17 November 2012
publisher=Earth Science Communications Team at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory / California Institute of Technology
307 Changes path
131 Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States
publisher=Cambridge University Press
year=2009
1
134 Chapter 7: Physical Climate Processes and Feedbacks 200
134 Section 7.2.2: Cloud Processes and Feedbacks 200
135 Missing feedbacks, asymmetric uncertainties, and the underestimation of future warming
last=Torn
accessdate=4 March 2007
journal=Geophysical Research Letters
volume=33
year=2006
issue=10
first=Margaret
200
138 Chapter 8, Climate Models and Their Evaluation 200
137 Positive feedback between global warming and atmospheric CO<sub>2</sub> concentration inferred from past climate change
last=Scheffer
accessdate=4 May 2007
journal=Geophysical Research Letters
volume=33
year=2006
issue=10
first=Marten
200
117 Global Warming Reverses Long-Term Arctic Cooling
accessdate=8 June 2011
date=4 September 2009
work=Scientific American
last=Bello
first=David
301 Redirect does not contain ".,?&"
139 Technical Summary 200
146 Executive Summary
author=Hegerl, G.C.
200
142 Do Models and Observations Disagree on the Rainfall Response to Global Warming?
last=Liepert
quote=Recently analyzed satellite-derived global precipitation datasets from 1987 to 2006 indicate an increase in global-mean precipitation of 1.1%–1.4% decade−1. This trend corresponds to a hydrological sensitivity (HS) of 7% K−1 of global warming, which is close to the Clausius–Clapeyron (CC) rate expected from the increase in saturation water vapor pressure with temperature. Analysis of two available global ocean evaporation datasets confirms this observed intensification of the atmospheric water cycle. The observed hydrological sensitivity over the past 20-yr period is higher by a factor of 5 than the average HS of 1.4% K−1 simulated in state-of-the-art coupled atmosphere–ocean climate models for the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.
journal=Journal of Climate
volume=22
year=2009
issue=11
first=Beate G.
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148 Box 10.1: Future Abrupt Climate Change, ‘Climate Surprises’, and Irreversible Changes: Glaciers and ice caps
author=Meehl, G.A.
200
149 Sec 10.3.3.2 Changes in Snow Cover and Frozen Ground
author=Meehl, G.A.
200
150 Sec 10.3.3.1 Changes in Sea Ice Cover
author=Meehl, G.A.
200
147 Sahara Desert Greening Due to Climate Change?
accessdate=12 June 2010
work=National Geographic
200 74.7% signal, 328 words, score: 183
151 A sea ice free summer Arctic within 30 years?
last=Wang
accessdate=2 May 2011
journal=Geophys. Res. Lett.
volume=36
year=2009
issue=7
first=M.
200
153 Glossary A-D 200
153 Section 9.1.2: What are Climate Change Detection and Attribution? 200
154 Chapter 1: Assessment of Observed Changes and Responses in Natural and Managed Systems 200
154 Section 1.2 Methods of detection and attribution of observed changes 200
155 Synthesis Report Summary for Policymakers 200
155 Section 3: Projected climate change and its impacts 200
141 How Much More Rain Will Global Warming Bring?
volume=317
journal=Science
year=2007
issue=5835
author=Wentz,FJ
301 Changes sub-domain and redirect preserves id number
152 Arctic sea ice 2012
publisher=Met Office
author=Met Office
200
157 MANAGING THE RISKS OF EXTREME EVENTS AND DISASTERS TO ADVANCE CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION 200
158 New Study Links Weather Extremes to Global Warming
accessdate=27 April 2015
date=27 April 2015
work=The New York Times
quote=“The bottom line is that things are not that complicated,” Dr. Knutti said. “You make the world a degree or two warmer, and there will be more hot days. There will be more moisture in the atmosphere, so that must come down somewhere.”
303 NY Times login
156 Will the wet get wetter and the dry drier?
publisher=National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL)
author=NOAA
work=GFDL Climate Modeling Research Highlights
volume=1
date=February 2007
issue=5
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160 UCI study finds dramatic increase in concurrent droughts, heat waves
publisher=UCI
year=2015
200
136 Shifts in plant dominance control carbon-cycle responses to experimental warming and widespread drought
last=Harte
accessdate=2 May 2007
journal=Environmental Research Letters
volume=1
year=2006
issue=1
first=John
301 Journal subscription required
163 Chapter 13: Sea Level Change - Final Draft Underlying Scientific-Technical Assessment
accessdate=21 January 2015
publisher=IPCC Working Group I
200
164 pp.243-244 301 Redirect preserves id number
168 Synthesis Report Summary for Policymakers 200
165 p.5 301 Redirect preserves id number
168 Section 1: Observed changes in climate and their effects 200
169 Chapter 4: Ecosystems, their Properties, Goods and Services 200
169 Executive Summary, p. 213 200
170 Chapter 19: Assessing Key Vulnerabilities and the Risk from Climate Change 200
170 Section 19.3.4: Ecosystems and biodiversity 200
171 Ch. 2. Our Changing Climate 301 Changes sub-domain and changes path
166 The multimillennial sea-level commitment of global warming
date=13 June 2013
volume=110
journal=PNAS
200
167 Combustion of available fossil fuel resources sufficient to eliminate the Antarctic Ice Sheet
date=11 September 2015
200
176 Chapter 12: Long-term Climate Change: Projections, Commitments and Irreversibility 200
Anthropogenic contribution to global occurrence of heavy-precipitation and high-temperature extremes
accessdate=27 April 2015
date=27 April 2015
journal=Nature Climate Change
volume=5
quote=We show that at the present-day warming of 0.85 °C about 18% of the moderate daily precipitation extremes over land are attributable to the observed temperature increase since pre-industrial times, which in turn primarily results from human influence. … Likewise, today about 75% of the moderate daily hot extremes over land are attributable to warming.
301 Journal subscription required
176 pp.14-19 301 Redirect preserves id number
162 Unabated global mean sea-level rise over the satellite altimeter era
date=11 May 2015
journal=Nature Climate Change
301 Journal subscription required
177 Chapter 2: Emissions, Concentrations, and Related Factors 301 Redirect preserves id number
177 BOX 2.1: STABILIZATION AND NON-CO<sub>2</sub> GREENHOUSE GASES (p.65) 301 Redirect preserves id number
182 Abrupt Climate Change. A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research
date=December 2008
publisher=U.S. Geological Survey
author=Clark, P.U.
200
180 Sec 19.6. Extreme and Irreversible Effects
author=Smith, J.B.
200
175 Climate-Forced Variability of Ocean Hypoxia
volume=333
journal=Science
year=2011
author=Deutsch
404
182 Report website -2
178 Climate forcing of geological and geomorphological hazards
volume=368
publisher=Royal Society
journal=Philosophical Transactions A
author=Bill McGuire
200
179 Climate change increases frequency of shallow spring landslides in the French Alps
volume=41
journal=Geology
200
184 PDF of Report 200
186 8 July 2014 0
161 Indian Monsoons Are Becoming More Extreme
publisher=Scientific American
year=2014
200
185 Sec. 2.6. The Potential for Large-Scale and Possibly Irreversible Impacts Poses Risks that have yet to be Reliably Quantified
author=IPCC
200
183 Siberian permafrost thaw warning sparked by cave data
accessdate=24 February 2013
date=22 February 2013
publisher=BBC
200
186 Chapter 18: Detection and attribution of observed impacts 200
187 8 July 2014 0
187 Volume-wide Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 200
184 Advancing the Science of Climate Change: Report in Brief
publisher=National Academies Press
year=2010
author=US National Research Council
200
188 8 July 2014 0
188 Chapter 19: Emergent risks and key vulnerabilities 200
189 Technical Summary 200
189 8 July 2014 0
190 Chapter 19: Emergent risks and key vulnerabilities 200
190 8 July 2014 0
193 Chapter 7: Food security and food production systems 200
193 8 July 2014 0
194 8 July 2014 0
194 Summary for Policymakers 200
195 8 July 2014 0
195 Chapter 11: Human health: impacts, adaptation, and co-benefits 200
192 There’s a surprisingly strong link between climate change and violence
date=22 October 2014
work=The Washington Post
author=Chris Mooney
301 Changes scheme from http to https and redirect preserves id number
191 Climate change could impact the poor much more than previously thought
date=26 January 2015
work=The Guardian
author=Dana Nuccitelli
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198 8 July 2014 0
198 Chapter 11: Human health: impacts, adaptation, and co-benefits 200
199 8 July 2014 0
199 Chapter 11: Human health: impacts, adaptation, and co-benefits 200
200 ''{author= {{ harvnb | '' 3.3.3 Especially affected systems, sectors and regions 200
201 Chapter 16: Small Islands
accessdate=15 September 2011
publisher=Print version: CUP. This version: IPCC website
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200
202 Climate change and the risk of statelessness
accessdate=13 April 2012
date=May 2011
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204 North Slope permafrost thawing sooner than expected
publisher=University of Alaska Fairbanks
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206 Mitigation 200
205 Roads from Rio+20
date=June 15, 2012
author=PBL Netherlands Environment Agency
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207 Synthesis Report Summary for Policymakers 200
207 Section 4: Adaptation and mitigation options 200
208 Technical summary -2
208 30 December 2014) 0
205 Report website. 200
210 Chapter 6: Assessing Transformation Pathways -2
210 30 December 2014) 0
211 Summary for Policymakers -2
211 27 December 2014) 0
212 Technical summary -2
212 30 December 2014) 0
203 Economic impacts of carbon dioxide and methane released from thawing permafrost
volume=6
journal=Nature
year=2015
401 Journal subscription required
213 Technical summary -2
213 30 December 2014) 0
214 Chapter 18: Adaptation to Climate Change in the Context of Sustainable Development and Equity 200
214 Section 18.2.3: Adaptation Types and Forms 200
215 Adaptive capacity 200
217 New Report Provides Authoritative Assessment of National, Regional Impacts of Global Climate Change
accessdate=14 January 2016
date=16 June 2009
publisher=[[U.S. Global Change Research Program]]
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216 Sec 6.3 Responses to climate change: Robust findings 200
218 Workshop on managing solar radiation
accessdate=23 May 2009
date=April 2007
publisher=NASA
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209 Citi report: slowing global warming would save tens of trillions of dollars
work=The Guardian
year=2015
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222 Synthesis and Assessment Product 5.2: Best practice approaches for characterizing, communicating, and incorporating scientific uncertainty in decisionmaking. A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research
accessdate=June 1, 2011
publisher=National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
year=2009
author=Granger Morgan, M. (Lead Author), H. Dowlatabadi, M. Henrion, D. Keith, R. Lempert, S. McBride, M. Small and T. Wilbanks (Contributing Authors)
1
225 Chapter 1: Introduction 200
225 Executive summary 200
220 Potential climate engineering effectiveness and side effects during a high carbon dioxide-emission scenario
last=P. Keller
accessdate=31 March 2014
quote=We find that even when applied continuously and at scales as large as currently deemed possible, all methods are, individually, either relatively ineffective with limited (<8%) warming reductions, or they have potentially severe side effects and cannot be stopped without causing rapid climate change.
journal=Nature
volume=5
date=January 2014
first=David
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223 Essential Background
accessdate=18 May 2010
date=n.d.
publisher=UNFCCC website
author=UNFCCC
302 Changes file name
228 The Economics of the Kyoto Protocol
author=Grubb, M.
accessdate=25 March 2010
journal=World Economics
volume=4
date=July–September 2003
issue=3
200
227 The climate regime from The Hague to Marrakech: Saving or sinking the Kyoto Protocol?
accessdate=5 May 2010
publisher=Tyndall Centre website
work=Tyndall Centre Working Paper 12
year=2001
author=Dessai, S.
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229 Kyoto Protocol
accessdate=21 May 2011
date=n.d.
publisher=UNFCCC website
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231 Paris Can't Be Another Copenhagen
accessdate=26 May 2015
date=25 May 2015
work=[[The New York Times]]
last=Rudd
first=Kevin
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224 Full text of the Convention, Article 2
accessdate=18 May 2010
date=n.d.
publisher=UNFCCC website
author=UNFCCC
404 Dead since 2015-04-13
87 Conventions of climate change: constructions of danger and the dispossession of the atmosphere
author=Liverman, D.M.
accessdate=10 May 2011
journal=Journal of Historical Geography
volume=35
year=2008
issue=2
200 83.2% signal, 101 words, score: 69
232 e-book format 200
232 The Emissions Gap Report: Are the Copenhagen Accord pledges sufficient to limit global warming to {{ val
accessdate=11 May 2011
date=November 2010
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196 Managing the health effects of climate change
date=May 2009
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230 Copenhagen 2009: Failure or final wake-up call for our leaders? EV 49
accessdate=18 May 2010
date=February 2010
publisher=[[Oxford Institute for Energy Studies]]
last=Müller
first=Benito
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234 Outcome of the work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention
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date=11 December 2010
publisher=PRESIDENCIA DE LA REPÚBLICA, MÉXICO
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219 Stop emitting CO2 or geoengineering could be our only hope
accessdate=14 June 2011
date=28 August 2009
publisher=The Royal Society
301 Journal subscription required
235 Detection and Attribution of Climate Change
quote=«It is extremely likely that human influence has been the dominant cause of the observed warming since the mid-20th century» (page 15) and «In this Summary for Policymakers, the following terms have been used to indicate the assessed likelihood of an outcome or a result: (...) extremely likely: 95–100%» (page 2).
author=IPCC
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84 Understanding and Responding to Climate Change
accessdate=9 November 2010
publisher=Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, US National Academy of Sciences
year=2008
author=NRC
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236 Economic Affairs – Written Evidence
accessdate=9 July 2011
date=13 April 2005
publisher=UK Parliament website
author=Royal Society
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197 Health and climate change: policy responses to protect public health
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date=November 2015
journal=The Lancet
issue=10006
volume=386
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237 G8+5 Academies’ joint statement: Climate change and the transformation of energy technologies for a low carbon future
accessdate=5 May 2010
date=May 2009
publisher=US National Academies website
author=Academia Brasileira de Ciéncias (Brazil), Royal Society of Canada, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Académie des Sciences (France), Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina (Germany), Indian National Science Academy, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei (Italy), Science Council of Japan, Academia Mexicana de Ciencias, Russian Academy of Sciences, Academy of Science of South Africa, Royal Society (United Kingdom), National Academy of Sciences (United States of America)
200
233 Decision 2/CP. 15 Copenhagen Accord. In: Report of the Conference of the Parties on its fifteenth session, held in Copenhagen from 7 to 19&nbsp;December&nbsp;2009. Addendum. Part Two: Action taken by the Conference of the Parties at its fifteenth session
accessdate=17 May 2010
date=30 March 2010
publisher=United Nations Office at Geneva, Switzerland
author=UNFCCC
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226 Global and regional drivers of accelerating CO2 emissions
date=Jun 2007
volume=104
journal=Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
issue=24
301 Redirect does not contain ".,?&"
243 Frequently Asked Questions About Climate Change
accessdate=5 May 2010
date=n.d.
publisher=Science & Environmental Policy Project (SEPP) website
archivedate=11 May 2008
author=SEPP
0
239 Petroleum Geologists' Award to Novelist Crichton Is Inappropriate
author=Julie Brigham-Grette
accessdate=23 January 2007
quote=The AAPG stands alone among scientific societies in its denial of human-induced effects on global warming.
journal=[[Eos (journal)]]
volume=87
date=September 2006
issue=36
200 100.0% signal, 24 words, score: 24
243 The Public and Climate Change (cont.&nbsp;– since 1980). Section: After 1988
accessdate=5 May 2010
date=July 2009
publisher=American Institute of Physics website
author=Weart, S.
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246 Exxon cuts ties to global warming skeptics
accessdate=2 May 2007
date=12 January 2007
publisher=MSNBC
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248 Greenpeace: Exxon still funding climate skeptics
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date=18 May 2007
work=USA Today
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247 Report: Big Money Confusing Public on Global Warming
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date=3 January 2007
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last=Sandell
first=Clayton
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251 The Public and Climate Change (cont.&nbsp;– since 1980). Section: after 1988
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date=February 2015
publisher=American Institute of Physics website
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250 Oil Company Positions on the Reality and Risk of Climate Change
accessdate=27 March 2016
publisher=University of Oshkosh - Wisconsin
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242 Aaron M. McCright and Riley E. Dunlap, "Challenging Global Warming as a Social Problem: An Analysis of the Conservative Movement's Counter-Claims", ''Social Problems '', November 2000, Vol. 47 Issue 4, pp 499–522 in JSTOR 301 Journal subscription required
252 Environment
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publisher=Gallup
year=2015
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236 PDF format 301 Journal subscription required
249 Global Warming Resolutions at U.S. Oil Companies Bring Policy Commitments from Leaders, and Record High Votes at Laggards
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date=13 May 2004
publisher=Ceres
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238 Consensus on consensus: a synthesis of consensus estimates on human-caused global warming
author=John Cook et al
accessdate=21 July 2016
journal=Environmental Research Letters
volume=11
date=13 April 2016
issue=4
302 Journal subscription required
257 Climate Change: Key Data Points from Pew Research | Pew Research Center 0
245 Royal Society tells Exxon: stop funding climate change denial
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date=20 September 2006
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259 The Discovery of Global Warming; The Public and Climate Change: Suspicions of a Human-Caused Greenhouse (1956-1969)
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259 footnote 27 302 Changes scheme from http to https
260 [[Erik M. Conway|Erik Conway]]. "What's in a Name? Global Warming vs. Climate Change", NASA, 5 December 2008 200
253 Awareness, Opinions about Global Warming Vary Worldwide
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publisher=Gallup
year=2009
last=Pelham
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261 The Discovery of Global Warming; The Public and Climate Change: The Summer of 1988
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date=February 2014
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first=Spencer R.
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244 The Truth About Denial
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date=13 August 2007
work=Newsweek
last=Begley
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255 Worldwide, Blame for Climate Change Falls on Humans
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accessdate=3 May 2011
quote=People nearly everywhere, including majorities in developed Asia and Latin America, are more likely to attribute global warming to human activities rather than natural causes. The U.S. is the exception, with nearly half (47%) – and the largest percentage in the world – attributing global warming to natural causes.
work=Gallup.Com
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254 Fewer Americans, Europeans View Global Warming as a Threat
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An updated review of developments in climate science research since IPCC AR4. A report by the AVOID consortium
publisher=Committee on Climate Change
year=2010
author=Good, P.
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Interacademy Panel (IAP) Member Academies Statement on Ocean Acidification
date=June 2009
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Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report
publisher=IPCC
year=2007
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Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability
publisher=Cambridge University Press
year=2007
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Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis
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Climate Change 2007: Mitigation of Climate Change
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World Energy Outlook 2009
publisher=International Energy Agency (IEA)
year=2009
author=IEA
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Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Working Group 1 (WG1) Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 5th Assessment Report (AR5)
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Report website. 302 Changes scheme from http to https
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Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III (WG3) to the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
publisher=Cambridge University Press
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mitigation2014.org 0
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Climate Change 2013 Working Group 1 website. 200
Summary for Policymakers 200
256 Climate Change and Financial Instability Seen as Top Global Threats
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Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation (SREX)
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year=2012
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Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis
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200 100.0% signal, 6 words, score: 6
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Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability
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year=2001
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Federal Advisory Committee Draft Climate Assessment. A report by the National Climate Assessment Development Advisory Committee (NCADAC)
date=11 January 2013
author=NCADAC
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Climate Stabilization Targets: Emissions, Concentrations, and Impacts over Decades to Millennia
publisher=National Academies Press
year=2011
archivedate=27 March 2014
author=National Research Council
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Climate Change 2001: Mitigation
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200 100.0% signal, 6 words, score: 6
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date=6 December 2012
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UNEP Emerging Issues: Environmental Consequences of Ocean Acidification: A Threat to Food Security
publisher=United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
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America's Climate Choices: Panel on Advancing the Science of Climate Change;
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Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States
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Glossary
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Financial Risks of Climate Change
date=June 2005
author=Association of British Insurers
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Potential impacts of a warming climate on water availability in snow-dominated regions
date=17 November 2005
volume=438
journal=Nature
issue=7066
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Climate-driven trends in contemporary ocean productivity
date=7 December 2006
volume=444
journal=Nature
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Glaciers and the Changing Earth System: a 2004 Snapshot
publisher=Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research Occasional Paper #58
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first=Mark B.
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Climate Change: Evidence, Impacts, and Choices
publisher=US National Research Council (US NRC)
year=2012
author=US NRC
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Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years
date=4 August 2005
volume=436
journal=Nature
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History of Seawater Carbonate Chemistry, Atmospheric CO<sub>2</sub>, and Ocean Acidification
date=May 2012
volume=40
work=Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences
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''{first=Caspar|issue=10|journal=Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|last=Ammann|quote=Simulations with only natural forcing components included yield an early 20th century peak warming of {{ val | volume=104 | year=2007 | '' Solar influence on climate during the past millennium: Results from transient simulations with the NCAR Climate Simulation Model 301 Redirect preserves id number
Plants revealed as methane source
date=11 January 2006
publisher=BBC
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first=Tim
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Climate Change 2001: Synthesis Report
publisher=Cambridge University Press
year=2001
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IDEAS 200
Earth's Energy Imbalance: Confirmation and Implications
date=3 June 2005
volume=308
journal=Science
issue=5727
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Role of the Biosphere in the Formation of the Earth's Climate: The Greenhouse Catastrophe
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journal=Biophysics
volume=46
year=2001
issue=6
first=A. V.
200
Understanding and responding to climate change: Highlights of National Academies Reports, 2008 edition, produced by the US National Research Council (US NRC)
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200
Methane Hydrates in Quaternary Climate Change: The Clathrate Gun Hypothesis
date=14 February 2003
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200 100.0% signal, 45 words, score: 45
Assessing the Impacts of Climate Change: A Literature Review
date=7 April 2009
publisher=OECD
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Extracting a Climate Signal from 169 Glacier Records
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journal=Science
volume=308
date=29 April 2005
issue=5722
first=J.
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The Global Warming Reader
publisher=[[OR Books]]
year=2011
last=McKibben
first=Bill
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Rise in Gases Unmatched by a History in Ancient Ice
date=5 November 2005
work=The New York Times
last=Revkin
first=Andrew C
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Invisible in the Storm: the role of mathematics in understanding weather
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year=2013
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Climate: How unusual is today's solar activity?
date=28 July 2005
volume=436
journal=Nature
issue=7012
200
Climate change and the recent emergence of bluetongue in Europe
date=February 2005
volume=3
journal=Nature Reviews Microbiology
issue=2
404 Journal subscription required
Greenhouse Effect
publisher=[[Library of Economics and Liberty]]
year=2002
200
Modeling the sun's magnetic field and irradiance since 1713
last=Wang
journal=Astrophysical Journal
volume=625
date=20 May 2005
issue=1
first=Y.-M.
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Unusual activity of the Sun during recent decades compared to the previous 11,000 years
date=23 October 2004
volume=431
journal=Nature
issue=7012
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Climate: How unusual is today's solar activity? (Reply)
date=28 July 2005
volume=436
journal=Nature
issue=7050
author=Solanki, Sami K.
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NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies 200
Global Warming&nbsp;– The Blame Is not with the Plants
date=18 January 2006
publisher=Max Planck Society
last=Keppler
first=Frank
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Earth's Climate Past and Future
date=15 December 2005
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first=William F.
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Nature Reports Climate Change 200
NOAA State of the Climate Report 301 Missing trailing /
Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison 200
NASA: Climate change: How do we know? 200
Educational Global Climate Modelling 200
Joint science academies' statement: Global response to climate change
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year=2005
author=[[Royal Society]]
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Met Office: Climate change 302 Changes path
Global Climate Change Indicators 200
Global Warming Art, a collection of figures and images 111
NOAA Climate Services 301 Changes scheme from http to https
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Skeptical Science: Getting skeptical about global warming skepticism 200
Global Climate Change: NASA's Eyes on the Earth 200
Global Warming Frequently Asked Questions 301 Changes path
Center for Climate and Energy Solutions 200
Climate Change at the National Academies 200
Climate change - EAA-PHEV Wiki 200
Understanding Climate Change – Frequently Asked Questions 301 Load balancing and changes path
Global Sea Level Rise Map 200
A world with this much CO²: lessons from 4 million years ago 200
Global Warming: Center for Global Studies at the University of Illinois 404 Dead since 2015-04-13
Paris Climate Conference 200
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OurWorld 2.0 404 Dead since 2016-01-07
International Disaster Database 200
The World Bank - Climate Change - A 4 Degree Warmer World - We must and can avoid it 200
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